Publications
Entanglement transition from variablestrength weak measurements
M. Szyniszewski, A. Romito, H. Schomerus
Phys. Rev. B 100(6), 064204 (2019)
M. Szyniszewski, A. Romito, H. Schomerus
Phys. Rev. B 100(6), 064204 (2019)
We show that weak measurements can induce a quantum phase transition of interacting manybody systems from an ergodic thermal phase with a large entropy to a nonergodic localized phase with a small entropy, but only if the measurement strength exceeds a critical value. We demonstrate this effect for a onedimensional quantum circuit evolving under random unitary transformations and generic positive operatorvalued measurements of variable strength. As opposed to projective measurements describing a restricted class of open systems, the measuring device is modeled as a continuous Gaussian probe, capturing a large class of environments. By employing data collapse and studying the enhanced fluctuations at the transition, we obtain a consistent phase boundary in the space of the measurement strength and the measurement probability, clearly demonstrating a critical value of the measurement strength below which the system is always ergodic, irrespective of the measurement probability. These findings provide guidance for quantum engineering of manybody systems by controlling their environment.
Tuning of impuritybound interlayer complexes in a van der Waals heterobilayer
F. Vialla, M. Danovich, D. A. RuizTijerina, M. Massicotte, P. Schmidt, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, R. J. Hunt, M. Szyniszewski, N. D. Drummond, T. G. Pedersen, V. I. Fal'ko and F. H. L. Koppens
2D Materials 6(3), 035032 (2019)
F. Vialla, M. Danovich, D. A. RuizTijerina, M. Massicotte, P. Schmidt, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, R. J. Hunt, M. Szyniszewski, N. D. Drummond, T. G. Pedersen, V. I. Fal'ko and F. H. L. Koppens
2D Materials 6(3), 035032 (2019)
Due to their unique twodimensional nature, charge carriers in semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) exhibit strong unscreened Coulomb interactions and sensitivity to defects and impurities. The versatility of van der Waals layer stacking allows spatially separating electrons and holes between different TMD layers with staggered band structure, yielding interlayer fewbody excitonic complexes whose nature is still debated. Here we combine quantum Monte Carlo calculations with spectrally and temporally resolved photoluminescence measurements on a top and bottomgated MoSe2/WSe2 heterostructure, and identify the emitters as impuritybound interlayer excitonic complexes. Using independent electrostatic control of doping and outofplane electric field, we demonstrate control of the relative populations of neutral and charged complexes, their emission energies on a scale larger than their linewidth, and an increase of their lifetime into the microsecond regime. This work unveils new physics of confined carriers and is key to the development of novel optoelectronics applications.
Fermionic phases and their transitions induced by competing finiterange interactions
M. Szyniszewski, H. Schomerus
Phys. Rev. B 98(7), 075139 (2018)
M. Szyniszewski, H. Schomerus
Phys. Rev. B 98(7), 075139 (2018)
We identify ground states of onedimensional fermionic systems subject to competing repulsive interactions of finite range, and provide phenomenological and fundamental signatures of these phases and their transitions. Commensurable particle densities admit multiple competing chargeordered insulating states with various periodicities and internal structure. Our reference point are systems with interaction range p = 2, where phase transitions between these chargeordered configurations are known to be mediated by liquid and bondordered phases. For increased interaction range p = 4, we find that the phase transitions can also appear to be abrupt, as well as being mediated by reemergent ordered phases that cross over into liquid behavior. These considerations are underpinned by a classification of the competing chargeordered states in the atomic limit for varying interaction range at the principal commensurable particle densities. We also consider the effects of disorder, leading to fragmentization of the ordered phases and localization of the liquid phases.
Quantum Monte Carlo calculations of energy gaps from first principles
R. J. Hunt, M. Szyniszewski, G. I. Prayogo, R. Maezono, N. D. Drummond
Phys. Rev. B 98(7), 075122 (2018)
R. J. Hunt, M. Szyniszewski, G. I. Prayogo, R. Maezono, N. D. Drummond
Phys. Rev. B 98(7), 075122 (2018)
We review the use of continuum quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) methods for the calculation of energy gaps from first principles, and present a broad set of excitedstate calculations carried out with the variational and fixednode diffusion QMC methods on atoms, molecules, and solids. We propose a finitesizeerror correction scheme for bulk energy gaps calculated in finite cells subject to periodic boundary conditions. We show that finitesize effects are qualitatively different in twodimensional materials, demonstrating the effect in a QMC calculation of the band gap and exciton binding energy of monolayer phosphorene. We investigate the fixednode errors in diffusion Monte Carlo gaps evaluated with SlaterJastrow trial wave functions by examining the effects of backflow transformations, and also by considering the formation of restricted multideterminant expansions for excitedstate wave functions. For several molecules, we examine the importance of structural relaxation in the excited state in determining excitedstate energies. We study the feasibility of using variational Monte Carlo with backflow correlations to obtain accurate excitedstate energies at reduced computational cost, finding that this approach can be valid. We find that diffusion Monte Carlo gap calculations can be performed with much larger time steps than are typically required to converge the total energy, at significantly diminished computational expense, but that in order to alleviate fixednode errors in calculations on solids the inclusion of backflow correlations is sometimes necessary.
Localized interlayer complexes in heterobilayer transition metal dichalcogenides
M. Danovich, D. A. RuizTijerina, R. J. Hunt, M. Szyniszewski, N. D. Drummond, and V. I. Fal'ko
Phys. Rev. B 97(19), 195452 (2018)
M. Danovich, D. A. RuizTijerina, R. J. Hunt, M. Szyniszewski, N. D. Drummond, and V. I. Fal'ko
Phys. Rev. B 97(19), 195452 (2018)
We present theoretical results for the radiative rates and dopingdependent photoluminescence spectrum of interlayer excitonic complexes localized by donor impurities in MoSe₂/WSe₂ twisted heterobilayers, supported by quantum Monte Carlo calculations of binding energies and wavefunction overlap integrals. For closely aligned layers, radiative decay is made possible by the momentum spread of the localized complexes' wave functions, resulting in radiative rates of a few μs⁻¹. For strongly misaligned layers, the shortrange interaction between the carriers and impurity provides a finite radiative rate with a strong asymptotic twist angle dependence ∝θ⁻⁸. Finally, phononassisted recombination is considered, with emission of optical phonons in both layers resulting in additional, weaker emission lines, redshifted by the phonon energy.
Diffusion quantum Monte Carlo study of excitonic complexes in twodimensional transitionmetal dichalcogenides
E. Mostaani, M. Szyniszewski, C. H. Price, R. Maezono, M. Danovich, R. J. Hunt, N. D. Drummond, V. I. Fal'ko
Phys. Rev. B 96(7), 075431 (2017)
E. Mostaani, M. Szyniszewski, C. H. Price, R. Maezono, M. Danovich, R. J. Hunt, N. D. Drummond, V. I. Fal'ko
Phys. Rev. B 96(7), 075431 (2017)
Excitonic effects play a particularly important role in the optoelectronic behavior of twodimensional semiconductors. To facilitate the interpretation of experimental photoabsorption and photoluminescence spectra we provide (i) statistically exact diffusion quantum Monte Carlo bindingenergy data for a MottWannier model of (donor/acceptorbound) excitons, trions, and biexcitons in twodimensional semiconductors in which charges interact via the Keldysh potential, (ii) contact pairdistribution functions to allow a perturbative description of contact interactions between charge carriers, and (iii) an analysis and classification of the different types of bright trion and biexciton that can be seen in singlelayer molybdenum and tungsten dichalcogenides. We investigate the stability of biexcitons in which two charge carriers are indistinguishable, finding that they are only bound when the indistinguishable particles are several times heavier than the distinguishable ones. Donor/acceptorbound biexcitons have similar binding energies to the experimentally measured biexciton binding energies. We predict the relative positions of all stable free and bound excitonic complexes of distinguishable charge carriers in the photoluminescence spectra of WSe₂ and MoSe₂.
Binding energies of trions and biexcitons in twodimensional semiconductors from diffusion quantum Monte Carlo calculations
M. Szyniszewski, E. Mostaani, N. D. Drummond, and V. I. Fal’ko
Phys. Rev. B 95(8), 081301 (Rapid Communication) (2017)
M. Szyniszewski, E. Mostaani, N. D. Drummond, and V. I. Fal’ko
Phys. Rev. B 95(8), 081301 (Rapid Communication) (2017)
Excitonic effects play a particularly important role in the optoelectronic behavior of twodimensional (2D) semiconductors. To facilitate the interpretation of experimental photoabsorption and photoluminescence spectra we provide statistically exact diffusion quantum Monte Carlo bindingenergy data for MottWannier models of excitons, trions, and biexcitons in 2D semiconductors. We also provide contact pair densities to allow a description of contact (exchange) interactions between charge carriers using firstorder perturbation theory. Our data indicate that the binding energy of a trion is generally larger than that of a biexciton in 2D semiconductors. We provide interpolation formulas giving the binding energy and contact density of 2D semiconductors as functions of the electron and hole effective masses and the inplane polarizability.
Lattice Hamiltonian approach to the Schwinger model: further results from the strong coupling expansion
M. Szyniszewski, K. Cichy, A. KujawaCichy
Proceedings of Science (Lattice 2014) 314 (2015)
M. Szyniszewski, K. Cichy, A. KujawaCichy
Proceedings of Science (Lattice 2014) 314 (2015)
We employ exact diagonalization with strong coupling expansion to the massless and massive Schwinger model. New results are presented for the ground state energy and scalar mass gap in the massless model, which improve the precision to nearly 10⁻⁹ %. We also investigate the chiral condensate and compare our calculations to previous results available in the literature. Oscillations of the chiral condensate which are present while increasing the expansion order are also studied and are shown to be directly linked to the presence of flux loops in the system.
The generalized tV model in one dimension
M. Szyniszewski, E. Burovski
J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 592 (SCES2014), 012057 (2015)
M. Szyniszewski, E. Burovski
J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 592 (SCES2014), 012057 (2015)
We develop a systematic strong coupling approach for studying an extended tV model with interactions of a finite range. Our technique is not based on the Bethe ansatz and is applicable to both integrable and nonintegrable models. We illustrate our technique by presenting analytic results for the ground state energy (up to order 7 in t/V), the current density and densitydensity correlations for integrable and nonintegrable models with commensurate filling factors. We further present preliminary numerical results for incommensurate nonintegrable models.
In situ Single Walled Carbon Nanotube growth using a Q500 TGA
C. Oakland, A. Rooney, M. Szyniszewski, A. F. Verre, S. Worrall
TA Instruments Applications Library TA372 (2014)
1st prize in Student Application Award Program in category Thermal Analysis
C. Oakland, A. Rooney, M. Szyniszewski, A. F. Verre, S. Worrall
TA Instruments Applications Library TA372 (2014)
1st prize in Student Application Award Program in category Thermal Analysis
Using the Q500 Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) we demonstrate that it is possible to monitor the real time growth of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs) by Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) on SiO2 supported Ni catalyst. The catalyst is made by first dissolving Ni(NO3)·6H2O and SiO2 in acetone and then allowing the acetone to evaporate. The resulting powder is then thermally decomposed in the Q500 TGA under an inert atmosphere of Ar(g) to generate a SiO2 supported NiO. The CH4(g) carbon precursor is then introduced, reducing the NiO to Ni and initiating the CVD growth of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs). Thus both the formation of the catalyst and the growth of SWCNTs are monitored in real time by this method. The CVD grown carbon is confirmed as containing SWCNTs by Raman Spectroscopy. We believe this to be the first example of SWCNTs grown by CVD in a TGA.
Lattice Hamiltonian approach to the massless Schwinger model: precise extraction of the mass gap
K. Cichy, A. KujawaCichy, M. Szyniszewski
Comp. Phys. Comm. 184(7), 16661672 (2013)
K. Cichy, A. KujawaCichy, M. Szyniszewski
Comp. Phys. Comm. 184(7), 16661672 (2013)
We present results of applying the Hamiltonian approach to the massless Schwinger model. A finite basis is constructed using the strong coupling expansion to a very high order. Using exact diagonalization, the continuum limit can be reliably approached. This allows to reproduce the analytical results for the ground state energy, as well as the vector and scalar mass gaps to an outstanding precision better than 10⁻⁶ %.
Thermodynamics of localized magnetic moments in a Dirac conductor
V. Cheianov, M. Szyniszewski, E. Burovski, Yu. Sherkunov, V. Fal'ko
Phys. Rev. B 86(5), 054424 (2012)
V. Cheianov, M. Szyniszewski, E. Burovski, Yu. Sherkunov, V. Fal'ko
Phys. Rev. B 86(5), 054424 (2012)
We show that the magnetic susceptibility of a dilute ensemble of magnetic impurities in a conductor with a relativistic electronic spectrum is nonanalytic in the inverse temperature at 1/T→0. We derive a general theory of this effect and construct the hightemperature expansion for the disorder averaged susceptibility to any order, convergent at all temperatures down to a possible ordering transition. When applied to Ising impurities on a surface of a topological insulator, the proposed general theory agrees with Monte Carlo simulations, and it allows us to find the critical temperature of the ferromagnetic phase transition.
Output

Lowdimensional quantum systems
PhD Thesis, Lancaster 2016 We study lowdimensional quantum systems with analytical and computational methods. Firstly, the onedimensional extended tV model of fermions with interactions of a finite range is investigated. The model exhibits a phase transition between liquid and insulating regimes. We use various analytical approaches to generalise previous theoretical studies. We devise a strong coupling expansion to go beyond firstorder perturbation theory. The method is insensitive to the presence or the lack of integrability of the system. We extract the ground state energy and critical parameters of the model near the Mott insulating commensurate density. We also study the possible chargedensitywave phases that exist when the model is at the critical density.
Secondly, we investigate MottWannier complexes of two (excitons), three (trions) and four (biexcitons) charge carriers in twodimensional semiconductors. Our study also includes impuritybound complexes. We provide a classification of trions and biexcitons in transitionmetal dichalcogenides, which incorporates the difference of spin polarisation between molybdenum and tungstenbased materials. Using the diffusion Monte Carlo method, which is statistically exact for these systems, we extract binding energies of the complexes for a complete set of parameters of the model. Our results are compared with theoretical and experimental work on transitionmetal dichalcogenides. An agreement is found for excitonic and trionic results, but we also observe a large discrepancy in the theoretical biexcitonic binding energies as compared to the experimental values. Possible reasons for this are outlined. We also calculate contact pair densities, which in the future can be used in the determination of the contact interaction. 

Numerical investigations of the Schwinger model and selected quantum spin models
Master's Thesis, Poznań 2012 Numerical investigations of the XY model, the Heisenberg model and the JJ' Heisenberg model are conducted, using the exact diagonalisation, the numerical renormalisation and the density matrix renormalisation group approach. The lowlying energy levels are obtained and finite size scaling is performed to estimate the bulk limit values. The results are found to be consistent with the exact values. The DMRG results are found to be most promising.
The Schwinger model is also studied using the exact diagonalisation and the strong coupling expansion. The massless, the massive model and the model with a background electric field are explored. Ground state energy, scalar and vector particle masses and order parameters are examined. The achieved values are observed to be consistent with previous results and theoretical predictions. Path to the future studies is outlined. 

Simulating graphene impurities using the worm algorithm
MPhys Project, Lancaster 2011 Using computer simulation with one of the Monte Carlo algorithms, worm algorithm, we study the twodimensional Ising model. The critical temperature Tc of the phase transition is calculated by the usage of the critical exponents and the results are compared to the analytical result, giving outstanding accuracy.
We also show that the magnetic ordering of impurities distributed on graphene is possible by simulating the properly constructed model with the same algorithm. The value of Tc is estimated. Furthermore, dependence of Tc on the interaction constants is explored. We outline how one can proceed in investigating this relation in the future. 
© Marcin Szyniszewski 20122015